|The 3-monthly update
with questions around the Bundesliga
THIS IS A COMPONENT OF
lists, about names, maps, salaries, history, links, merchandising
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THE BUNDESLIGA FAQ MAGAZINE:
questions (brought up by readers)
|when was Bundesliga
born and who are the top established teams?
|This is only
a short excerpt. There is a more detailed answer in the new section:
The Bundesliga History FAQ
The Bundesliga was formed 1963 by granting licenses to 16 teams, later it became 18 teams. Before 1963, the top division was divided into regional groups.
There is only
1 team left that has been in Bundesliga all the years: Hamburger
The biggest names among the others: Schalke 04, 1.FC Nürnberg, Hertha BSC Berlin, and Munich 1860.
succesful clubs since birth of Bundesliga 1963:
is the only club that has been able to convert a dominance of a team of
a particular era into long term success producing structures.
can I get a map?
on the web (at least not found), so...
here it is (will open in a new window)
(map with Bundesliga cities)
|where can I
get links to the clubs official sites and fanzines?
|a nice overview on all the internet-adresses
of Bundesliga you can find
http://www.usm.de/liga_neu/liga_1/index.htm for Bundesliga
http://www.usm.de/liga_neu/liga_2/index.htm for 2nd Bundesliga
then click on the club and pick the one that is listed under 'offizielle
this means 'official site'.
can I get a fixture list?
is URL for a fixture list for BUNDESLIGA
(it is not in English but it makes
can I get merchandising stuff like shirts?
no decent url found, maybe you can help me out.
The only idea I see is to approach the website of the particular club and look there. This kind of sale surprisingly does not seem to be done seriously via WWW yet.
do the names 'Arminia' and 'Borussia' mean?
| It took
some time to find out from one source
and check with another, but maybe somebody can add or adjust this information:
years ago (The year 9 due to the calender the Western world is using) a
sounds very political, but this all is really forgotten today. For
(thanks to Stefan from the fanzine Um halb vier war die Welt noch in Ordnung)
are the salaries for average players?
is not so easy to answer as things like salaries in Germany are not reveiled
publicly unlike for example USA. Now everything here is an estimation and
might vary even more than +100% or -50%.
Salaries seldomly get disclosed, so there are many rumours. Those rumours do not distinguish whether a person gets a certain sum guarantueed or if he plays all matches etc.
Now also: what is an average player? A player that appears about in 50% of the matches (nowadays players are more rotated) is said to get at least 200,000-300,000$ a year. But what does this include?
The salaries are splitted in a basic salary, a bonus for each match played, a bonus for a certain number of matches played a year, bonusses for wins or points, bonusses for a certain position in the table, bonusses for reaching particular international competitions, bonusses for advancing in those or other cup competitions etc. Then players sometimes get money for showings with their sponsors, turning up at
small clubs or shops to sign photographs, appearing in talk shows or other tv programs etc.
Then half of it takes the tax man or the obligatory social insurances.This alltogether leaves a lot of space for fantasies about the real figures.
Among the seldomly unveiled numbers were 3,000,000 $ for the Bundesliga top player Stefan Effenberg at Mönchengladbach (per year), and around 200,000 $ for even below-average Bundesliga players at Eintracht Frankfurt 2 years ago and Berti Vogts as National team coach. But what really is payed remains a bit in the fog. As for example now it becomes usual that fixed sums are payed now with every renewal of contracts whether the player changes club or not (to avoid that he just changes club because of such a fixed payment). Also cars, houses, appartments become 'little extras'.
are the matches broadcasted?
is a more detaled analyses of the TV market
in the June99 magazine edition. Here a short summary completely neglecting
In 1998/99 it was the following:
2 matches were on fridays, usually kick-off 8 p.m.
SAT1 televised a summary program from 10.15 p.m. to 11 p.m. including several commercial breaks. Usually summaries are about 10 minutes long including many off-pitch shots and slowmotions what leaves hardly more than 3 minutes unrepeated match action. Adding interviews.
6 matches were on saturdays, kick-off 3.30 p.m.
SAT1 televised a summary program from 6. p.m. to 8 p.m.. The length and style of the summaries are similar.
1 match was on sundays, kick-off 6 p.m.
SAT1 televised a summary of first half and second half seperated in a program that ran from 7 p.m. to 8.15 p.m..
More and shorter summaries other programs (i.e. regional) were showing later Saturdays and Sundays. the same days.
SAT1 was allowed to show 5 matches live, 2 in the first, and 3 in the second half of the season. Thoser matches then took place at special times.
The contract for SAT1 has been about 90 million EURO per year. (1 EURO is about 1 $).
to this two matches, one on Friday, one on Saturday, were shown live on
the encrypted pay TV station 'Premiere', a third one on a digital channel
of the same station. A subscription is about 25 EURO per month.
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